Basic Information about rape is provided here.
Statistics and the type of Reforms needed follows.
Rape Academic definition:
“Rape is a type of sexual assault usually involving sexual intercourse, which is initiated by one or more persons against another person without that person’s consent. The act may be carried out by physical force, coercion, abuse of authority or with a person who is incapable of valid consent, such as one who is unconscious, incapacitated, or below the legal age of consent. The term is most often defined in criminal law..(wiki)
Indian law treats rape as a criminal offence. It falls under criminal law in India. The Indian Penal Code (IPC) defines rape as intentional, unlawful sexual intercourse with a woman, without her permission.
Indian Law On Rape.
“375. Sexual Assault: Sexual assault means –
(a) The introduction (to any extent) by a man of his penis, into the vagina
(which term shall include the labia majora), the anus or urethra or
mouth of any woman or child–
(b) the introduction to any extent by a man of an object or a part of the
body (other than the penis) into the vagina(which term shall include the
labia majora) or anus or urethra of a woman
(c) the introduction to any extent by a person of an object or a part of the
body (other than the penis) into the vagina(which term shall include the
labia majora) or anus or urethra of a child.
(d) manipulating any part of the body of a child so as to cause penetration
of the vagina (which term shall include labia majora) anus or the
urethra of the offender by any part of the child’s body;
In circumstances falling under any of the six following descriptions:
Firstly – Against the complainant’s will.
Secondly – Without the complainant’s consent.
Thirdly – With the complainant’s consent when such consent has
been obtained by putting her or any person in whom the
complainant is interested, in fear of death or hurt.
Fourthly – With the complainant’s consent, when the man knows that
he is not the husband of such complainant and that the
complainant’s consent is given because the complainant believes that the offender is another man to whom the
complainant is or believes herself to be lawfully married.
Rape Facts and Myths.
“Myth: Rape is caused by lust or uncontrollable sexual urges and the need for sexual gratification.
Fact: Rape is an act of physical violence and domination that is not motivated by sexual gratification.
Myth: Once a man gets sexually aroused, he can’t just stop.
Fact: Men do not physically need to have sex after becoming sexually excited. Moreover, they are still able to control themselves after becoming aroused.
Myth: Women often lie about rape or falsely accuse someone of rape.
Fact: Statistical studies indicate false reports make up two percent or less of the reported cases of sexual assault. This figure is approximately the same for other types of crimes. Only one out of 10 rapes are actually reported. Rapes by someone the victim knows are the least likely to be reported.
Myth: Women provoke sexual assault by their appearance. Sexual attractiveness is a primary reason why a rapist selects a victim.
Fact: Rapists do not select their victims by their appearance. They select victims who are vulnerable and accessible. Victims of sexual assault range in age groups from infants to the elderly. Sexual attractiveness is not an issue.
Myth: Sexual assault is a topic that only concerns women, and men do not have to be concerned about sexual assault.
Fact: According to recent rape crisis center statistics, men, both straight and gay, suffered 10 percent of the sexual assaults reported in the United States last year. In addition, men have wives, friends, sisters, mothers and daughters who may someday need assistance in coping with sexual assault. Rape is a concern for everyone.
Myth: If a woman really did not want to be raped, she could fight off her attacker.
Fact: Even if the rapist is not carrying a weapon, the element of surprise, shock and fear or the threat of harm can overpower a survivor.”
Why can’t we have it in India?
IT chaps may have a go at this.
How it works …
1. Navigate to area where the issue you want to report is located on the map below. (Use the controls in the upper left corner to move the map around the window or zoom in and out.)
2. After you see your spot, click it.
3. Fill out the form that shows … you can also upload a photo. Click “save.”
The Western newspapers are awash with articles on the subject.
I found a reasonable good one which analyses the issue of rape.
That is from The Washington Post.
Following are the reasons cited.
Fewer Female Police Personnel.
Even the quality of women Police available is disheartening.
I have found the women Police to be more heartless than a Policeman in terms of character and humane approach to family issues brought into Police Stations.
These women Police ensure that they get a good bribe to settle the issue even if what is agreed upon is totally unjustifiable.
Lockup rapes are most common.
Recruiting good material for the workforce will be the right step.
And the training of Police force, both Men and women must be scientific and they must be made people friendly.
‘Delhi, for example, is home to one of the largest metropolitan police forces in the world with some 84,000 officers. But only one-third are involved in any kind of actual “policing” at any given time, while the rest provide protection services to various politicians, senior bureaucrats, diplomats and other elites. According to the Times of India there is one officer for every 200 citizens and about 20 officers for every VIP. Many of those who do perform police duties can be found shaking down motorists, participating in protection rackets and simply looking the other way as crimes take place.’
Yes, the strength of The Police Force must be increased
Useless and avoidable deployment of Police Force for the Security of Politicians must be dispensed with(most of the politicians deserve to be a security risk and I wish they succumb to the threat!)
Blaming Provocative Clothing.
There’s a tendency to assume the victims of sexual violence somehow brought it on themselves. In a 1996 survey of judges in India, 68 percent of the respondents said that provocative clothing is an invitation to rape. In response to the recent gang-rape incident, a legislator in Rajasthan suggested banning skirts as a uniform for girls in private schools, citing it as the reason for increased cases of sexual harassment.
I disagree with this point in that while Rape is not the direct outcome of provocative clothing, one can not deny that provocative clothing provokes.
Even the term ‘provoke’ is used by the author to indicate the rekindling and egging of the desire!
Women, for their safety, must ensure they do not wear dresses that expose their body.
One never knows how many perverts are up there, who imagine bedding every thing in sight!
Asking women to be careful is not a denial of their rights.
Acceptance of Domestic Violence.
This is to be addressed by the families of the men and women.
Here I mean the domestic violence by women as well.
Lack of Public Safety.
True with the rider that one can not roam about bars frequented by the flotsam and jetsam of the society.
The attempt to compromise the rape issue outside the Court also encourages the incidence of rape.
The point to be observed is that while people who talk highly fo liberation of women and self-professed Liberals, How Many of them are prepared to take a girl who was raped as one’s daughter in-law or men who will marry such a girl?
This will take some time.
As things stand, the Court hearing can be held in camera , to begin with.
Sluggish court system, Low Convictions and the low status of women.
The points missed out.
The Lifestyle of Drinking, late night Partying , adoption of Western values, loss of family values, Single parenting do have a major role to play.
I will be posting Blog on The law of Rape in India and the need for Reform.
This includes a proper definition of Rape.
In the frenzy of punishing rapists, one should not take a woman’s word at its face value at every instance.
I have been under the impression that the Rape Testa conducted on the victims of sexual attack is very scientific and advanned.
To my shock this is how the ‘Rape Test’ is conducted in India.
In the test, a doctor inserts fingers into the victim during the forensicexamination to test for “vaginal laxity” and is expected to deliver a medical opinion as to whether she appears to be “habituated to sexual intercourse.” The group, Human Rights Watch, argued that the testconstituted a second assault on a traumatized woman”
Is this the way the this issue is being handled?
Why do we have A Ministry of Women and Child Development?
What have the courts been doing, being blind to the tests conducted?
“The level of care – including counseling – provided to the New Delhi gang rape victim and her family, demonstrates that political will can ensure support and care for victims of sexual assault, Human Rights Watch said. But this only followed public outrage and demonstrations after the attack. Human Rights Watch research has found that survivors usually find it difficult to register police complaints, and often go from one hospital to another even for a medical examination, and often report suffering humiliation at police stations and hospitals.
India does not have a uniform protocol for medical treatment and examination of survivors of sexual assault, making responses ad hoc and unpredictable, and in the worst cases, degrading and counter-productive. This is reflected in the continued use of the so-called “finger test,” which Human Rights Watch documented in a 2010 report. While conducting medical examinations, many doctors record unscientific and degrading findings, which involve noting the “laxity” of the vagina or hymen, apparently to determine whether the victims are “virgins” or “habituated to sexual intercourse.” Often doctors, police, and judges look for evidence of “struggle” or “injuries,” especially hymenal injuries, in the medical examination report, discrediting those who do not report such injuries.”
Manu is the son of Brahma.
One Manu rules one Manvantara.
There are 14 Manus, each ruling one Manvantara.
One Manvantara lasts (’431,8000 * 4(one Cycle of Chatur Yuga) = 17,27 2000 Years *71 Cycles )= 1226312000 Years.
We are in the Swetavaraha Kalpa.
The Name of the Manu for this Svetavaraha kalpa is Vaivasvata and The Manvantara is Vaivasvatham.
The Manusmriti we talk abut, a not sure belongs to this Vaivasvata Manu.
Or are we talking about the first Manu, Swayam bhuba Manu’s Rules?
The information in the Internet is not clear
Will some one clarify?
Names of Manus.
|Manvantara №||Name of Manu for manvantara:||Manvantara-avatara name:|
|07||Vaivasvata Manu (current)||Vamana|
Above are the names of the Fourteen Manus.