taps at the back.
Give the a surprise news to those affected,which would make them gasp or surprised..
If the Hiccups persists and recur, consult a physician.
1. SWALLOW HONEY
Swallowing a spoonful of honey or sugar might overwhelm the mouth with a sweet flavor and calm the irritated vagus nerve. If the sweet overload doesn’t solve the problem, try going with something sour like a lemon.
2. HOLD YOUR BREATH
Hold your nose and close your mouth for as long as you can so your body becomes preoccupied with getting rid of the carbon dioxide buildup in your blood. Obviously, if you feel lightheaded, stop … although to be fair, if you pass out and crack your skull on the floor, chances are your hiccups will be gone.
3. STICK YOUR FINGERS IN YOUR EARS
Another option is to press down on the soft spots behind your ears. Pressure in these areas will signal your diaphragm to relax and to stop hiccupping. Try it for 30 seconds.
4. STICK OUT YOUR TONGUE
You open your throat when you stick your tongue out as far as you can, which allows for easier breathing. This has proven to help stop the diaphragm spasms that cause the hiccups.
5. CHUG A GLASS OF WATER
The swallowing process (heh heh) can stop hiccups.
6. BREATH INTO A PAPER BAG
Breathing into a paper bag will increase the amount of carbon dioxide in your body. Since your body interprets that as a sign you’re suffocating, you reflexively take deeper breaths. Those deeper breaths may stop the diaphragm spasm.
7. TAKE A COLD SHOWER
The shock to your system will cause a major disruption to the way you’re breathing.
A hiccup or hiccough (pronounced /hɪˈkʊp/ hik-UUP or pronounced /ˈhɪkəp/ hik-əp) is a myoclonus of the diaphragm that repeats several times per minute. In humans, the abrupt rush of air into the lungs causes the vocal cords to close, creating a “hic” sound.
In medicine it is known as synchronous diaphragmatic flutter (SDF), or singultus, from the Latin singult, “the act of catching one’s breath while sobbing”. The hiccup is an involuntary action involving a reflex arc.
A bout of hiccups, in general, resolves itself without intervention, although many home remedies are often used to attempt to shorten the duration. Medical treatment is occasionally necessary in cases of chronic hiccups.
Signs & symptoms
- A single or a series of breathing diaphragm spasms, of variable spacing and duration.
- A brief (less than one half second), unexpected, shoulder, abdomen, throat, or full body tremor.
- Hiccups might be easily heard as a chirp, squeak, “hupp”, or if properly controlled, a quick inhaling gasp, sigh, or sniff.
- The victim might complain of brief but distracting or painful, frequent or occasional interruptions in normal breath, with sudden momentary pain of the throat, chest, or abdomen.
- If the hiccups are properly controlled there is no discomfort except for the mild distraction of the occasional uncontrollable gasp.
- Overeating
- Sudden temperature changes
- Carbonated beverages, alcohol, dry breads, and some spicy foods.
- Tobacco use (nicotine)
Causes of persistent hiccups
- Metabolic diseases
- Kidney failure
- Electrolyte imbalance
- Deviated septum
Numerous medical remedies exist but no particular treatment is known to be especially effective. Many drugs have been used, such as baclofen, chlorpromazine, metoclopramide, gabapentin, and various proton-pump inhibitors. Hiccups that are secondary to some other cause like gastroesophageal reflux disease or esophageal webs are dealt with by treating the underlying disorder. A simple treatment involves increasing the partial pressure of CO2 and inhibiting diaphragm activity by holding one’s breath or rebreathing into a paper bag. Vagus nerve stimulation can improve hiccups, done at home by irritating the pharynx through swallowing dry bread or crushed ice, or by applying traction to the tongue, or by stimulating the gag reflex. The phrenic nerve can be blocked temporarily with injection of 0.5% procaine, or permanently with bilateral phrenicotomy or other forms of surgical destruction. Even this rather drastic treatment does not cure some cases, however.
In Plato‘s Symposium, Aristophanes has a case of the hiccups and is advised by Eryximachus, a physician, to cure them by holding his breath, or, failing that, by gargling or provoking sneezing. Compare this ancient recommendation with the vagal nerve stimulation techniques mentioned previously.
A proven method to stop singular hiccups is to drink a half glass of chilled water quickly, followed by a quarter glass of warm slowly. 30 seconds later one should jump whilst attempting to twist their abdomen in a anti clockwise fashion. Followed again by the first sequence of water.
An anecdotal medical approach is to install lidocaine liniment 3% or gel 2% in the external ear. Somehow this creates a vagus nerve-triggering reflex through its extensions to the external ear and tympanus (ear drum). The effect can be immediate, and also have lasting effect after the lidocaine effect expires after about two hours.
A solution involving sugar placed on or under the tongue was cited in the December 23, 1971 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.
Hiccups are treated medically only in severe and persistent (termed “intractable”) cases, such as in the case of Jennifer Mee, a 19-year-old girl who, in 2007, hiccuped continuously for five weeks.Haloperidol (Haldol, an anti-psychotic and sedative), metoclopramide (Reglan, a gastrointestinal stimulant), and chlorpromazine (Thorazine, an anti-psychotic with strong sedative effects) are used in cases of intractable hiccups. Effective treatment with sedatives often requires a dose that renders the person either unconscious or highly lethargic. Hence, medicating with sedatives is only appropriate short-term, as the affected individual cannot continue with normal life activities while under their effect.
Persistent and intractable hiccups due to electrolyte imbalance (hypokalemia, hyponatremia) may benefit from drinking a carbonated beverage containing salt to normalize the potassium-sodium balance in the nervous system. The carbonation promotes quicker absorption. Carbonated beverages, including beer, by themselves may provoke hiccups in some people.
The administration of intranasal vinegar was found to ease the chronic and severe hiccups of a three-year old Japanese girl. Vinegar may stimulate the dorsal wall of the nasopharynx, where the pharyngeal branch of the glossopharyngeal nerve (the afferent of the hiccup reflex arc) is located.
Dr. Bryan R. Payne, a neurosurgeon at the Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center in New Orleans, has had some success with an experimental procedure in which a vagus nerve stimulator is implanted in the upper chest of patients with an intractable case of hiccups. “It sends rhythmic bursts of electricity to the brain by way of the vagus nerve, which passes through the neck. The Food and Drug Administration approved the vagus nerve stimulator in 1997 as a way to control seizures in some patients with epilepsy.”